INDUSTRIA 4.0 is the industrial production of the future, that includes the production of individualized products and services, within highly flexible production environments; which aims at integrating both consumers and business partners within design processes and value creation; Which promotes the integration of production with high quality services to produce hybrid products.
A new business model, agile, slender, where new technologies interconnect objects and processes.
Industria 4.0 involves the organization of technology-based and device-based production processes that can communicate autonomously among themselves along the value chain: a smart factory model where computer-controlled systems run physical processes, Creating a virtual world parallel to the physical world.
Also agriculture is involved in this process with the nominates precision agriculture capable of controlling, monitoring and experimenting new products for old and new markets, thinking about the world of fertilizer acceptance, the world of active ingredients of primary and secondary metabolism.
Due to Confindustria schematically, the main Smart Technologies on which the future industry should be based are represented by:
Wearables (Wearable Device): sensors and actuators are incorporated in physical goods (clothes and accessories) and are capable to use wireless networks to communicate and exchange information, but also to increase the ability to read and visualize physical reality, making easier the production process;
Big data analytics: that is the tools and methodologies dedicated to the treatment and elaboration of large and varied series of data to be used to adequately and efficiently configure the industrial process;
Internet of Things, that is an ultra-fast connection of objects, machines and men, thanks to that information on products and the operation of machinery can be exchanged;
Cloud Manufacturing: The industrial declination of cloud computing, to access on demand and open to informatics resources to support production processes and supply chain management;
Advanced automation: Advanced (or humanized) machines and robots, capable to interact with man or to perform autonomously and flexibly productive functions (assembling, assembly, etc.);
Additive manufacturing: 3D printing that enables goods to “produce” material, as opposed to traditional abstraction production, using innovative manufacturing processes and innovative materials, so that products are “printed” at the production stage.
Acquiring, working, sharing, and exploiting information is fundamental to reinforce or create more stable and qualified chain relationships, producing more and more “sewn” products and incorporating an appropriate and holistic service offering in traditional manufacturing.